Python Print Over Same Line

Fusion 360 has a single API that can be used from several different programming languages. The Python process is launched in the zen() coroutine using the create_subprocess_exec() function and binds the standard output to a pipe. Python statement Python statement Python statement Python statement Python statement Python statement main() This tells the interpreter that you’re going to start defining your main program. So you can get a machine to bake a thousand cakes without ever getting tired. Once you run the program it will print out the majority of ASCII characters. 7 - OS: Mac. On line 15 we tell Python to but in the clutter of other function calls and without the same named So in Python-3. If not, troubleshoot. Python in One Easy Lesson. print() is an instruction to Python to print some text and display it on your terminal/cmd, and it’s there by default when you install Python. To loop through a list of numbers, we just have to create a list of numbers and pass it as an argument to the. Often you’ll want more control over the formatting of your output than simply printing space-separated values. handle = open ("test. We learned about its line structure, multiline statements, comments and docstrings, indentation, and quotations. Three Python'isms to Remember dir help colon/indent shuffle 10. Then Multiplication and Division have the same precedence. The following Python program converts our test CSV file to a CSV file that uses tabs as a value separator and that has all values quoted. 5+ already installed, you will have to download and install it before running web2py from source. Latest From Our Blog Digging Deeper into Databases. Python can also go through all of the directories and folders on your computers and read those files as well. Python, being a beautifully designed high-level and interpreter-based programming language, provides us with many features for the programmer's comfort. I then need to print what their number is and if it is even or odd. I'm going to assume you're using Java, because nobody should use RTP over that. This page introduces some basic ways to use the object for computations on arrays in Python, then concludes with how one can accelerate the inner loop in Cython. To get the row number, use the Reader object’s line_num variable, which contains the number of the current line. The range() is a built-in function of Python which returns a range object, which is nothing but a sequence of integers. Scatter and line plot with go. Python Programming Language is a high-level and interpreted programming language which was created by Guido Van Rossum in 1989. In both Python 2 and 3 there are ways to print to the same line. print something. The -S welcome command line option instructs web2py to run the interactive shell as if the commands were executed in a controller for the welcome application, the web2py scaffolding application. A logical line is ignored (i. write("Please wait [{0}] \r". Step through the code one line at a time until you are comfortable with it. Python Statement. Python’s simple, easy-to-learn syntax can mislead Python developers – especially those who are newer to the language – into missing some of its subtleties and underestimating the power of the diverse Python language. Create a Loop and Handle Indentation. If you are running your Python code on the command line, you don't even need to use print. This clusters a pandas DataFrame into a default of 3 clusters. class IPython. Related course Python Programming Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero Set example To create a set, we use the set() function. Notice that files of the same size created at the same time seem to be the same if their contents are not compared. exe shell and bash under. It is usefull way of making big lines more readable. The syntax is clean, and it is. Why do we need lists and loops? Think back over the examples that we've seen in the previous two pages - they've all involved dealing with one bit of information at a time. If you do not get any errors, you are in good shape. Line by Line explanation of the above code. The first part of the code will read the file content. The first print line just concatenates the two numbers without summation, while the second print line adds the two values and print the total. How to Print in Python. Then we add 2 to ct, then we double back. Python Global variables A global variable is a variable which is accessible in multiple scopes. You will find that you can iterate over all kinds of objects in Python (strings, lists, tuples, keys in a dictionary, etc). I’ve used it to build web applications, utilities, and diverse tools such as a web server monitor and an automated application testing suite. append(line) to add each line to our myList list. An example would be a kind of counter say a number that counts from 1 to 10 What I want is something that will display 1. , Python range() generates the integer numbers between the given start integer to the stop integer, which is generally used to iterate over with for loop. How to iterate through python string; Hope, you like this tutorial of how to iterate through the tuple elements with Python. Start each line with the phrase In Python you can… Save the file as learning_python. Improve Your Python: 'yield' and Generators Explained. After two blinks the arduino sends a message back saying it is finished blinking. Python list is an ordered collection of elements. You've seen that print() is a function in. Our Repeater class provides an infinite sequence of elements and we can iterate over it just fine. Python print command has different operators using which we can write a string, integer, variables and other data types. Like other comments, they begin with a hash mark and a single whitespace character. This python Line chart tutorial also includes the steps to create multiple line chart, Formatting the axis, using labels and legends. I also used Rust’s dbg! macro in the past which is similar to f-string but it also included the filename and line number. You do not need to declare variables before using them, or declare their type. txt in same directory as our python script. A RankSum test will provide a P value indicating whether or not the two distributions are the same. Is your program running in a terminal? Both the windows cmd. Calling Generator Function using For Statement: Above program, you can just fold it by using statementfor. The above line is kind of long -- suppose you want to break it into separate lines. You're going to have to change the number of spaces in front of one or more lines of code. And it also turns out that state machines, in a practical sense, can help solve many ordinary problems (especially for Python programmers). In most other programming languages, indentation is used only to help make the code look pretty. The above code snippet can be replicated in the following code, which can be found in the Python script forlinein. In this example we will iterate over with keys in mydict dictionary. # Define a list heterogenousElements = [3, True, 'Michael', 2. These will be presented later in this tutorial. *Pass the amount from the command line to python. You can notice that you need to pass in your messages inside a bracket in Python 3 compared to Python 2. var: var reads each element. In this article, I will teach you how to use the print function in python to print a string without the automatic newline at the end. If your program needs to work through a file, it is usually best to read in the file one line at a time for reasons of memory space and processing speed. Here are the default args for print() print - sep = ' ', end = ' ', file = sys. Running Python Programs From Command-Line Running Python Programs From Command-Line. If you do not assign a value within the function, then Python looks in the surrounding module for a variable with the same name, and uses that. x as well: Output with Print in Python 2. To loop through a list of numbers, we just have to create a list of numbers and pass it as an argument to the. Step through the code one line at a time until you are comfortable with it. For example, let's plot the cosine function from 2 to 1. py…from chapter two of the exercise files. write("Please wait [{0}] \r". Universal newline support is implemented in C, not in Python. Sounds to me like whatever you're printing to doesn't do what you expect when it encounters a carriage return (\r). We look at how you can use one line if statements in Python, otherwise known as the ternary operator. You can use the min(), max() and len() functions to calculate the minimum character or maximum character value or the total length of characters. Python Script: Print new line each time to shell rather than update existing line. Required, as in to loop over arrays. Each field is followed by : and a format specifier that tells Python how to interpolate values into the string. That line says that a becomes the old value of b and that b becomes the old value of a plus the old value of b. Print Is a Function in Python 3. This tutorial introduces you to VS Code as a. py thread-test --threads. x as well: Output with Print in Python 2. Improve Your Python: 'yield' and Generators Explained. Now the above example is required when you are within an IDE. The syntax to create an empty dictionary is:. I think this assessment is unfair, and that you can. In Python, end of a statement is marked by a newline character. ") One-Line if Statements. It looks like a Python comment, which it is, but on some operating systems, such as Linux and Unix, the shebang tells the operating system how to find the interpreter that will execute the program file. The two blocks of code in our example if-statement are both indented four spaces, which is a typical amount of indentation for Python. We've survived without fancy iterator handling in the print statement - let's avoid adding anything we don't have a demonstrated need for (the. We need to be very careful while writing data into the file as it overwrites the content present inside the file that you are writing, and all the previous data will be erased. The standard built-in Python shell is accessed by typing python3 in the terminal. If you have an if statement and the next line is indented then it means that this indented block belongs to the. This is done because we want files with a foreign newline convention to be import-able, so a Python Lib directory can be shared over a remote file system connection, or between MacPython and Unix-Python on Mac OS X. It has values separated by commas. As a result, it has additional opportunities for parameters. There are several ways to format output. In this article we will discuss different ways to read a file line by line in Python. This throws us back up into the def someFunction():, again with a colon following it. time and time. - [Instructor] Conditional statements in Python…work in familiar ways. After defining printPicnic() , we define the dictionary picnicItems and call printPicnic() twice, passing it different widths for the left and right table columns. The above example contains the same number of tuple elements as given above examples. Python mean Example | How To Calculate Average In Python is today’s topic. Python generators are a powerful, but misunderstood tool. IPython is a growing project, with increasingly language-agnostic components. Their hard-working nature makes computers ideal for doing grunt work. In particular, there is a keyword argument called end which defaults to some newline character. In terms of its type hints, it uses generics to make itself flexible enough to work with any kind of variables and domain values (V keys and D domain values). Command Line programs has been with us since the creation of computer programs and are built on commands. For example, given the following csv data:. These Python interview questions will challenge your algorithmic thinking skills as well as your Python programming skills. Qualitatively, Python feels about the same speed as interpreted Lisp, but very noticably slower than compiled Lisp. Python Class Variable vs. A line chart can be created using the Matplotlib plot() function. You will learn how to build Python apps in this course even if you know nothing about programming. For this reason I wouldn't recommend Python for applications that are (or are likely to become over time) compute intensive (unless you are willing to move the speed bottlenecks into C). Luckily, Python’s support for virtual environments lets you have the best of both worlds. Note that printing to the Output panel like this has no analogy for EV3-G so it is an example of the many things that can be achieved with EV3 Python that can't be achieved with EV3-G. Python Image Tutorial. With that in mind, this article presents a “top 10” list of somewhat. if statement, for statement, while statement etc. For example, print("I love programming in Python!\n"*10) will produce the output: I love programming in Python!. On Windows, you need to install one special Python package, windows-curses available on PyPI to add support. argv is getopt supports switch style options ( Ex,-s or --sum). Because Python uses indentation instead of delimiters, it is not possible to specify an empty block. Line plot or Line chart in Python with Legends In this Tutorial we will learn how to plot Line chart in python using matplotlib. Same syntax for the for loops. What if you can get user input in multiple lines, just like one field per line. Assuming you've followed the instructions in the previous page and set up your Python environment, type the line of code above into your favourite text editor, save it, and. When the vectors are created from R, one should not worry much as they will be exposed as they should by rpy2. In this article, I’ll show you – through a few practical examples – how to combine a for loop with another for loop and/or with an if statement!. It could get tiresome to do that with very long directory strings, so let's use a simpler way than using two backslashes; just use the prefix r or R. In the first section, we used string manipulation tools to process single sequences, and in the second section, we practised reading and writing files one at a time. How can I print without newline or space? In python print will add at the end of the given string data \n newline or a space. So the first time through, when we get to the while ct <= 8, ct = 2 so it's definitely less than or equal to 8. A Python dictionary is created by using curly braces ({}). I'm going to assume you're using Java, because nobody should use RTP over that. The syntax is clean, and it is. Python dictionary type provides iterator interface where it can be consumed by for loops. You can find that in this link. Explicit is better than implicit. time vs time. In this article we will discuss different ways to read a file line by line in Python. This topic in German / Deutsche Übersetzung: Ausgabe mit print Python 3 This is a tutorial in Python3, but this chapter of our course is available in a version for Python 2. Its elegant. The print function. One can go as far as to say that this answer is not true. You should try to avoid over-commenting the code and should tend to trust other programmers to understand Python unless you are writing for a particular audience. You may also like to read. This makes iterators a very powerful concept. Exercise: stepping through. Simple output is one of the first things that you would learn when learning a new programming language. Complex is better than complicated. NET provides a powerful application scripting tool for. I have a program that is telling me how far along it is. One of the primary reasons people use Python is for analyzing and manipulating text. If you want to convert the number that is represented in a string to int, you have to use the int() function to do so. There is no function like this in Python 3, but you can achieve the same result by using the eval function on the string returned by input. Sets in Python A set in Python is a collection of objects. In Python, any type which can be iterated over with a for loop is an iterable. Python for. To print all. Open a blank file in your text editor and write a few lines summarizing what you’ve learned about Python so far. In this article, I’ll show you – through a few practical examples – how to combine a for loop with another for loop and/or with an if statement!. print a message saying so. Description of your problem I am running python 2. Note: If there are multiple students with the same grade, order their names alphabetically and print each name on a new line. This is an archived resource. Since most of the time functions call platform-specific C library functions with the same name, the semantics of these functions are platform-dependent. The default is to perform a shallow comparison, without looking inside the files. Fabric is a library and command-line tool for streamlining the use of SSH for application deployment or systems administration tasks. Print in the same line on the console (Python recipe) With this function you can overwrite what you printed in the console, remaining in the same line. After the loop closes at line 32, the remainder of the script uses sys to grab the first two arguments passed in by the user and hand them over to the function. Taking user input in a single line does look good. For example, a = 1 is an assignment statement. Inline comments occur on the same line of a statement, following the code itself. In real life, what you want to do is, any time you find that you need access to the same chunk of code — the same bit of login — over and over again in your app, don't simply copy/paste that chunk of code over and over again. ends when there is a line of code with the same. This page introduces some basic ways to use the object for computations on arrays in Python, then concludes with how one can accelerate the inner loop in Cython. I think this assessment is unfair, and that you can. logging module Standard library documentation about the logging module. In this article we will discuss different ways to read a file line by line in Python. append('rice') print 'My shopping list is now', shoplist print 'I will sort my list now' shoplist. Python allows you to open text files such as these and read their content, either all at once, or line-by-line. Moving them out is dedenting (or deindenting). Is Python capable of doing this? Ver: Python2. Sometimes, when making something like a text-based graphical user interface, it can be quite tedious and challenging to. Is your program running in a terminal? Both the windows cmd. The steps in this article assume that you are familiar with developing using Python and are new to working with Azure Database for PostgreSQL. I think this assessment is unfair, and that you can. Note that printing to the Output panel like this has no analogy for EV3-G so it is an example of the many things that can be achieved with EV3 Python that can't be achieved with EV3-G. Finally, when we print it out, Python shows us its glory. State machines, in a theoretical sense, underlie almost everything related to computers and programming. Use the string split() method to parse the line and then display the list of words in alphabetical order with any duplicate words removed from the list. print 'These items are:', # Notice the comma at end of the line for item in shoplist: print item, print ' I also have to buy rice. You can … Continue reading Python 101: Reading and Writing CSV Files →. Printing all passed arguments except for the program name itself:. Wait, i think that in python 3 there is an automatic at the end of lines. Then after we acknowledge that the function is being called, we create a new line with four spaces for our simple print statement. RE: Python how to make a line break? I am making a basic program in python and I want to know how to make it so the tex the insnt bunched up into one paragraph. Jupyter and the future of IPython¶. NET developers. Create a Python program that asks the user to enter two sets of comma-separated values. An example would be a progress bar or some percentage being updated on the same line like this:. python print overwrite same line (8) Basically I want to do the opposite of what this guy did hehe. IPython is a growing project, with increasingly language-agnostic components. I have a program that is telling me how far along it is. Three Python'isms to Remember dir help colon/indent shuffle 10. Just like the str() built-in, Python also offers a handy built-in, which takes a String object as an argument and returns the corresponding integer object. The Numeric Python extensions (NumPy henceforth) is a set of extensions to the Python programming language which allows Python programmers to efficiently manipulate large sets of objects organized in grid-like fashion. The IPython Notebook and other interactive tools are great for prototyping code and exploring data, but sooner or later we will want to use our program in a pipeline or run it in a shell script to process thousands of data files. py…from chapter two of the exercise files. In the case of CSV files, we'll make use of a module built-in to Python which will simplify their. You can use the end keyword argument to specify what should be placed after your string. print "Indented code is easier to read" if True: print "You can tell that code is only executed sometimes" print "Python strives to be readable, so it mandates indentation" if True: print "A code block begins/ends when the indentation changes" print "blank lines are ignored (in scripts/files)" print "Interactively, blank lines mean the end of. Most simple: Python 3 print(‘\r’+’something to be override’,end=‘’) It means it will back the cursor to beginning, than will print something and will end in the same line. Python 101 - Intro to XML Parsing with ElementTree April 30, 2013 Cross-Platform , Python , Web Python , Python 101 , XML Parsing Series Mike If you have followed this blog for a while, you may remember that we've covered several XML parsing libraries that are included with Python. However, python contains six data types that are capable to store the sequences but the most common and reliable type is list. How to print in the same line with Python 3. These will be presented later in this tutorial. Python does what you want it to do most of the time so that you only have to add extra characters some of the time. 7 or Python 3. Type the following code After installing the MySQL Python connector, you need to test it to make sure that it is working correctly and you are able to connect to MySQL database server without any issues. Explicit line continuation. python print overwrite same line (8) Basically I want to do the opposite of what this guy did hehe. # Tell the user how many points the word earned, and the updated total score, in one line followed by a blank line # Update the hand # Game is over (user entered a '. While similar loops exist in virtually all programming languages, the Python for loop is easier to come to grips with since it reads almost like English. As a result, it has additional opportunities for parameters. You can … Continue reading Python 101: Reading and Writing CSV Files →. Since the python print() function by default ends with newline. Learn with Alison the basic components of computer programming using the Python language. Prerequisites. Note: If there are multiple students with the same grade, order their names alphabetically and print each name on a new line. In fact, might we be able to replace any Python code whatsoever with a single line of code? This is where our quest begins. The triple quotes are used to span the string across multiple lines. Plus your second print "", "-" * 23 is in the inner loop, when it should be in the for loop dealing with cell in cells. If there are multiple statements in the loop code block that makes up the loop body, they can be separated by semicolons (;): example. Python Lists. Suppose, for now, that we’re only allowing one print statement at the end of whatever Python code will be one-lined. NET (pythonnet) is a package that gives Python programmers nearly seamless integration with the. 0] The list contains an int, a bool, a string, and a. It also demonstrates how to use SQL statements to query, insert, update, and delete data in the database from macOS, Ubuntu Linux, and Windows platforms. For example, all the following are legal − word = 'word' sentence = "This is a sentence. each being the same. The mission of the Python Software Foundation is to promote, protect, and advance the Python programming language, and to support and facilitate the growth of a diverse and international community of Python programmers. In any programming language, including Python, output is always simpler than input. That line says that a becomes the old value of b and that b becomes the old value of a plus the old value of b. Understanding Python Print. isalpha(), len() and. This script below demonstrates how to print to both the EV3's LCD screen and the Output panel. To answer that Python has a print function and no printf function is only one side of the coin or half of the truth. Datacamp provides online interactive courses that combine interactive coding challenges with videos from top instructors in the field. Lists store an ordered collection of items which can be of different types. But line 1 is not a “decorator”. It's important to understand that the response here is not the result of the expression evaluated and displayed by the REPL, but is a side-effect of the print() function. 1 CM Python Print Leather Leather Lining Polished Leather Stack Block Heel Open Toe Resin Sole over $130 AUD* Cass Python Print Leather Line Strap Sandal. The first part of the code will read the file content. To use formatted string literals, begin a string with f or F before the opening quotation mark or triple quotation mark. The csv module gives the Python programmer the ability to parse CSV (Comma Separated Values) files. This tutorial was contributed by Justin Johnson. We've been working on calculating the regression, or best-fit, line for a given dataset in Python. In either case, this solution will get the job done in both versions of Python. To see our latest resources, please visit raspberrypi. Comments start with the pound (#) sign and are single-line, multi-line strings are used for multi-line comments. python print overwrite same line (8) Basically I want to do the opposite of what this guy did hehe. In this article, we will learn how to use Python's range() function with the help of different examples. LearnPython Single Line For Loops We’ll say that any word over 5 letters long is a long word. Python also allows us to use for loop to loop through the file data using file object as. Every f closes over the same variable i, and then we assign a new value to i. Sometimes, when making something like a text-based graphical user interface, it can be quite tedious and challenging to. Python Script: Print new line each time to shell rather than update existing line. One-Line while Loops. Use set() to remove the duplicates. py file if you want to see any. In Python 3, print is a function accepting keyword arguments. Have you learned about the bare basics of python but are confused on how to apply them?. This kind of reduction won’t always happen but it’s an example of how to get the same task done with a Pythonic one-liner. time and time. If you can loop over something in Python, print (line) This code does the Unpacking a dictionary is really the same as looping over the dictionary. The csv module gives the Python programmer the ability to parse CSV (Comma Separated Values) files. How to print without newline in Python? Generally people switching from C/C++ to Python wonder how to print two or more variables or statements without going into a new line in python. Luckily, Python’s support for virtual environments lets you have the best of both worlds. So, we will start off looking at simple output. In terms of its type hints, it uses generics to make itself flexible enough to work with any kind of variables and domain values (V keys and D domain values). This time, I’m going to focus on how you can make beautiful data visualizations in Python with matplotlib. So there you have it, the ability to create your own custom functions in Python. Breaking up those long if statements. The end of a logical line is represented by the token NEWLINE. Place them in the same directory where your program file, new_attendees. After defining printPicnic() , we define the dictionary picnicItems and call printPicnic() twice, passing it different widths for the left and right table columns. print a message saying so. Personally this is how I like to work with Python as it frees you from the distractions of an IDE like Spyder, and reduces the number of problems that can arise from the Spyder program being set-up incorrectly. To use formatted string literals, begin a string with f or F before the opening quotation mark or triple quotation mark. Python List: Insert, modify, remove, slice, sort, search element(s) and more of a Python list with examples. In order to write data into a file, we must open the file in write mode. As a result, it has additional opportunities for parameters. How and when do I use for loops under Python programming language? A for loop is a Python statement which repeats a group of statements a specified number of times. Suppose we have a file data. The python program will see this and then stop. Training Classes This website aims at providing you with educational material suitable for self-learning. A program may contain loops that make it do the same thing over and over again. Same syntax for the for loops. In this post, we will talk about Python list functions and how to create, add elements, append, reverse, and many other Python list functions. The space will be interpreted as part of the string. Lists store an ordered collection of items which can be of different types. Run Selection/Line in Terminal (REPL) The Python: Run Selection/Line in Python Terminal command (Shift+Enter) is a simple way to take whatever code is selected, or the code on the current line if there is no selection, and run it in the Python Terminal. stdin: print line, print "eof" A sample session: [email protected]$ python foo. Then I suggest that you invoke an output function instead of printing lines. The end of a logical line is represented by the token NEWLINE. Even though we have to skip over the function while reading to see the first statement, someFunction(). The range() is a built-in function of Python which returns a range object, which is nothing but a sequence of integers. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: